The good news is that there’s a cure for ED. Depending on the underlying cause of the problem, your doctor can opt for one of these treatment options;
Carter et al. Interventions to address sexual problems in people with cancer: American Society of Clinical Oncology clinical practice guideline adaptation of Cancer Care Ontario guideline. Journal of Clinical Oncology. 2018;36(5):492-513. .
PDE 5 inhibitors are broken down primarily by enzyme, cytochrome P450enzyme CYP3A4. Medications that decrease or increase the activity of CYP3A4 may affect levels and effectiveness of PDE 5 inhibitors. Such drugs include medications for the treatment of HIV (protease inhibitors) and the antifungal medications ketoconazole and itraconazole. Thus caution is recommended.
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men after skin cancer. Risk factors include age, family history, ethnicity, and diet. Prostate cancer is diagnosed by a digital rectal exam, prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test, and prostate biopsy. Symptoms may include frequent need to urinate, incontinence, pain, blood in the urine, fatigue, and more. Prognosis and treatment depend on cancer staging. Watchful waiting, surgery, radiation, cryotherapy, and other management strategies are available. Research and clinical trials strive to find new and better treatments for prostate cancer.
Surgery to repair arteries (penile arterial reconstructive surgery) can reduce impotence caused by obstructions that block the flow of blood to the penis. The best candidates for such surgery are young men with discrete blockage of an artery because of a physical injury to the pubic area or a fracture of the pelvis. The procedure is less successful in older men with widespread blockage of arteries.
Low testosterone levels. This can make it difficult to get an erection. It can also reduce a man's sex drive.Nerve damage from prostate surgery.Nicotine, alcohol, or cocaine use.Spinal cord injury.
Sildenafil (Viagra) may affect another phosphodiesterase enzyme in the eye causing transient abnormal vision (seeing a bluish hue or brightness).
An erection occurs because of increased blood flow to your penis. ED can occur as a problem in any stage of the erection process. It may be related to problems with blood flow to your penis, nerve damage, or stressors and emotions.
If you have a blockage of one of the larger arteries supplying the area of the pelvis or penis then microsurgical reconstruction of the arteries or anangioplasty to re-establish erections may be indicated. The blockage in these situations normally follows traumatic injuries to the pelvis.
Zinc is a micronutrient that plays a role in testosterone production. Low testosterone is associated with severe to moderate deficiency. The consequences of marginal levels are unknown (Prasad et al.,1996). Zinc is also important for immune function.
They reported that 160 minutes of exercise a week for 6 months “contributes to a decrease of ED” for men experiencing ED due to physical inactivity, obesity, and cardiovascular disease.
An inflatable penile implant can be implemented in the case of erectile dysfunction, Peyronie’s disease, or other medical conditions in which a man can no longer maintain an erection or sexual function.
Surgical or radiation treatments for prostate cancer, bladder cancer, or prostate enlargement (BPH) can sometimes damage nerves and blood vessels near the penis. Occasionally, the nerve damage is permanent and the patient requires treatment to achieve an erection. Sometimes, surgery causes temporary erectile dysfunction that improves on its own after 6 to 18 months.
In sum, ED is a troubling condition that may be a sign of serious underlying health problems. It is appropriate to discuss ED with your physician. A variety of management options exist; men and their partners may decide which if any of these are appropriate for their specific circumstances.
If you’re battling ED, you’ll want to arm yourself with credible information. Here are some of Everyday Health’s top resources.
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